|When the Mongols carried out another heavy assault, Baibars, who it is said had laid out the overall strategy of the battle since he had spent much time in that region earlier in his life as a fugitive, and his men feigned a final retreat to draw the Mongols into the highlands to be ambushed by the rest of the Mamluk forces concealed among the trees||Runciman, Steven, A history of the Crusades 3|
|It also marked the first of two defeats the Mongols would face in their attempts to invade and the , the other being the in 1303||The compositions of the gunpowder used in the cannon were also given in those manuals|
Background [ ] When became in 1251, he immediately set out to implement his grandfather 's plan for a world empire.16
|When the Mongols reached the highlands, Mamluk forces emerged from hiding and began to fire arrows and attack with their cavalry||Hulagu's plan was then to proceed southwards through the towards the , to confront the major Islamic power|
|The Muslim Mamluks have defeated the Mongols in all battles except one||In late August, Kitbuqa's forces proceeded south from their base at , passing to the east of into|
You have heard how we have conquered a vast empire and have purified the earth of the disorders that tainted it.